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Study of eating behavior of workers with different occupational psycho-emotional factors

Teodora Dimitrova, Rositsa Chamova

Abstract

Psycho-emotional risks at work affect the eating behavior among workers. The health effects of unhealthy work related to overweight, obesity and cardiovascular complications are mediated by disturbances in healthy eating habits. A cross-sectional diet and work study was conducted focusing on the psycho-emotional tension among working-age people from northeastern Bulgaria. Five hundred and two people aged 19 to 80 were interviewed. The average age of participants was 39 ± 0.5 years. They were divided into three groups according to the levels of self-assessment for psycho-emotional stress at the workplace. A regimen consisting of two meals or less was observed in 68 or 63% of the people involved in mental work with a non-permanent schedule, compared to 111 or 47.4% of those working with a permanent and clear schedule (Chi square 7,142 at p <0.01 and correlation coefficient r -0.145 at p <0.01). Workers with unhealthy behavior who take a risk in the workplace were 28 or 70%, compared to 151 or 50% of those who had no such risk at work. (Chi square 5,664 at p <0.05 and correlation coefficient r -0.129 at p <0.05).Twice daily is the feeding of 19 or 27.1% of those with hypostress, 62 or 31.2% of those in eustres and 66 or 34.7% of those with hyperstress in the workplace. Similar are the tendencies for those who eat mainly at dinner.


Keywords

eating behavior; occupational psycho-emotional factors

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v7i1.5002

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