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Varna Medical Forum

Study of the use of herbal products with anxiolytic effect in Bulgaria in 2016

Antonia Hristova, Iva Anestieva, Vasilena Kuzmanova, Atanas Kuzmanov, Stefka Valcheva-Kuzmanova


Introduction: Valerian (Valeriana officinalis) is a very popular herb used to treat insomnia and anxiety. Passion flower (Passiflora), not very popular in Bulgaria, is also used in anxiety and insomnia. Golden root (Rhodiola rosea), a newly introduced herb in Bulgaria, is recommended for stress, exhaustion and anxiety.
Aim: The aim of this study was to examine the available on the pharmaceutical market in Bulgaria pharmaceutical products and dietary supplements containing valerian, passion flower and golden root and to analyze the use of such products in 2016.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted by collecting sales data from 19 pharmacies in Varna for products containing the three herbs with anxiolytic effect.
Results and Discussion: There is a great variety of valerian-containing monoproducts and combined products in Bulgaria. The pharmaceuticals are two, and the dietary supplements are above 35. Passiflora is available in the form of several dietary supplements (monoproducts and combined), three of which are mostly used. In Bulgaria, golden root is available as one pharmaceutical product and several dietary supplements, which are predominantly monoproducts. The sales data of packages containing one of the three herbs in the investigated pharmacies showed that valerian-containing products comprised 87.9%, 11.5% were passion flower-containing and 0.6% were golden root-containing. The average wholesale price of a sold valerian-containing package was respectively 3 and 12 times lower than that of a passion flower-containing one and a golden root-containing one. The predominant use of valerian-containing products might be explained by the great popularity of the herb and the low price of the products.
Conclusion: The three most frequently used in Bulgaria anxiolytic herbs are valerian, passion flower and golden root. The highest is the use of valerian-containing products while passion flower and golden root are quite unfamiliar and probably will gain increasing popularity and use in the future.


valerian; passionflower; goldenroot; use; Bulgaria

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