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Varna Medical Forum

The Problems And Disorders Of Breathing During Sleep

Michaela Varneva, Isabela Oganesyan, Nadejda Lapadatova

Abstract

Sleep apnea is relaxation of the musculature of the upper airways during sleep which results in hindering of breathing. Research has shown that chronic oxygen shortage can lead to malignancies, liver cirrhosis, an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality, daytime sleepiness, impaired concentration and attention, memory disorders. Sleep medicine is a new field engaging professionals from various disciplines including neurology, psychiatry, pulmonology. Quality sleep medicine is always an interdisciplinary work since sleep disorder is observed in various diseases. The objective of this study was to determine what part of the respondents have problems and disturbances during sleep, whether they are aware of the problem and whether there is a relationship between BMI and the health problem. For the purpose of this study we used a sociological method - questionnaire developed by Erkodent, graphical and comparative analysis for the presentation of the results and study of literary sources and data related to the subject. The object of the survey included 93 respondents - 51 men and 42 women at the age of 21 to over 65 years. We found out that three women (3.23%) and four men (4.30%) had symptoms of sleep apnea and did not suspect the presence of this health problem.


Keywords

bruxism, snoring, sleep apnea, BMI, research

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v7i0.5961

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