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Varna Medical Forum

Attitudes To The Prevention Of Hiv Infection Of Persons, Exercising Maritime Professions

Miglena Kolarova, Tsonko Paunov


Introduction: Ports are transport hubs like many of the road centers that have long been part of HIV prevention programs but with an even more complex mix of nationalities and service providers. In the case of persons practicing maritime professions, the nature of their work and long periods of absence from home determine their behavior as risky.

Aim: The aim of this study is to explore attitudes to preventing HIV infection among seafarers.

Materials and Methods: Anonymous questionnaire surveyed 100 people practicing a seafaring profession. The results were statistically processed with SPSS v. 20.0 using variation and comparison analysis.

Results and Discussion: The results of the conducted analyses showed that seafaring professionals continue not to recognize their high-risk behavior, supporting prophylactic examinations of HIV infection, but not their mandatory nature. However, they confirmed the need to conduct training on safe sexual behavior and information on the spread and prevention of HIV/AIDS. Conclusion: Faced with the lack of an effective vaccine, education and training play a key role in the prevention of HIV/AIDS. The social partners (seafarers, employers, local community, government) are uniquely positioned to promote prevention efforts through information, education and behavioral support.


HIV infection, attitudes, seafaring professions, prevention

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