Scientific Online Resource System

Varna Medical Forum

Coconut Oil

Ilko Bakardzhiev, Tsveta Kalinova, Anita Dimova, Valentina Kazanlieva, Margarita Stancheva, Desislava Gesheva, Denica Dimitrova, Svetlana Laskova


Introduction: Coconut oil is a derivative product of the coconut palm tree, obtained from the inner, edible part of the coconut, called copra. The process of obtaining coconut oil includes shredding and drying of the coconut meat, then processing under low temperature and filtration. This way all its beneficial ingredients are preserved. The use of coconut oil by people has been known for more than 4000 years.

Aim: The aim of this paper is to evaluate the literature in the last 10 years in MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus and Web of Science – referred literature data bases.

Materials and Methods: Abstracts and full text publications on the topic were reviewed.

Results: Coconut oil is a precious source of nutritional substances and natural ingredients for preparing cosmetic products and dermatological formulations. Coconut oil has anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic, antimicrobial, hepatoprotective and immunomodulating action. It also has an insulin-like effect, it helps in weight loss, restores the skin barrier, prevents water loss, maintains the skin hydration, controls the level of cholesterol, amplifies the neurotransmission, prevents progression of Alzheimer’s disease. In dermatology, coconut oil is used as an emollient and antiaging product.

            Conclusion: Coconut oil is widely used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical and nutritional industries. The active ingredients of coconut oil that define its broad specter of activity are polyphenols, tocopherols and mid-chain fatty acids. The effectiveness of coconut oil depends on its beneficial ingredients, which are not being processed by chemical or thermal processing. Coconut oil can be applied locally and systemically. Many cosmetic products, drugs and nutritional supplements contain coconut oil as an active ingredient.


кокос, кокосово масло, свойства, приложение, дерматокозметика, медицинско приложение, химичен състав, кокосови деривати

Full Text


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Swee Keong Yeap., “Antistress and antioxidant effects of virgin coconut oil in vivo”, Experimental and therapeutic Medicine, 9: 39-42, 2015

Shankar, Padmini & Suman, Ahuja & Tracchio, Alexandra., „Coconut oil: A review”, Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech. 24., 2014

Cucanne et al, “Can ketones compensate for deteriorating brain glucose uptake during aging? Implications for the risk and treatment of Alzheimer’s disease”, Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1367 (2016) 12–20

Shijna Kappally et al., „coconut oil – a review of potential applications”, Hygeia.J.D.Med.7 (2) October 2015; 34-41.



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