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Varna Medical Forum

Study Of General Practitioners’ Opinion On Diabetes Mellitus-Related Complications In Children

Mariana Zhelyazkova, Silvia Borisova, Ivan Dimitrov

Abstract

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder. It presentis with the inability of the body to control blood sugar levels. In Bulgaria 10 out of every 100,000 children and one or two sucklings are diagnosed with diabetes yearly. Their treatment requires a proper approach with the participation of general practitioners.

Purpose of the study: To study the opinion of general practitioners on the diabetes mellitus complications in children.

Scope and methods: A survey has been conducted among 750 general practitioners in Varna, Sliven and Sofia to determine their opinion on complications in children with diabetes mellitus. Statistical processing of the research results was completed using SPSS v. 20.0: analysis of variance, comparative and correlation analysis.

Results: A significant number of medical professionals (71.3%) report that diabetes mellitus–related complications are often identified. One of the most common complications is nephropathy (32.2%), retinopathy (25.2%) and the combination between polyneuropathy and retinopathy (22.1%). According to 25.4% of medical experts, it is the responsibility of the parents to monitor the health condition of children with diabetes mellitus, while 60.4% of respondents believe that responsibility shall be shared between the General Practitioner, the endocrinologist and the family.

Conclusion: The results from our study show that at present, the control of the disease is not good, which results in complications and disability problems in children at an early age. Medical professionals describe different types of team approach that to be used to monitor children with diabetes mellitus, involving not only specialists but also the family and this shows the necessity of creating models of cooperation and training.

Keywords

general practitioners, complications, children, diabetes mellitus

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v7i0.6366

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