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Varna Medical Forum

Professional activities of nurses in hemodialysis centers

Krasimira Stamova

Abstract

Introduction: The complexity of nurses’ duties is based on the character of the activities performed. In the process of a dialysis treatment, nurses as a part of the medical team perform various activities within the scope of their competences.

Aim: The aim of this article is to analyze the importance of nursing care in hemodialysis patients.

Materials and Methods: The study has applied documental, sociological, and statistical methods. An anonymous questionnaire was used to determine the opinion of nurses (119) working in dialysis structures situated on the territory of 8 cities (Varna, Ruse, Dobrich, Burgas, Shumen, Razgrad, Targovishte, and Silistra). The data was processed using SPSS Statistics.

Results: The analysis of the results of the study showed that almost all participants assessed highly the role of the nurse in a hemodialysis structure. A total of 87.4% of the nurses considered it as “extremely important”, and 11.8% - as “important”. Assessing the importance of the activities performed by nurses in hemodialysis structures, the respondents placed first the nursing care needed for the patients to gain independence – 4.93. Medical professionals considered “injection technique” and “combating infections” equally important – 4.88. A high rating was given to “adaptation of patients and their relatives to the new way of life” (4.76) and “providing hygienic care“ (4.78). The importance of the communication with the patients and their relatives was assessed with 4.60.

Conclusion: The role of the nurse in the process of providing care to hemodialysis patients is a key one. A correlation was established between the difficulties, which nurses were faced with when starting a job at a hemodialysis department, and their assumed role when providing care to hemodialysis patients (p< 0.001). Nurses, who viewed their role in taking care of hemodialysis patients as extremely important, have met with more difficulties at the start of their career.


Keywords

nurses, professional activity, hemodialysis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v10i1.7439

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