Scientific Online Resource System

Varna Medical Forum

Imaging methods and techniques in dental practice

Elka Kostova, Svetlana Angelova


The purpose of this study is to provide a brief overview of commonly applied imaging methods and techniques used in dental practice. Knowing the different types of X-ray techniques is closely related not only to obtaining good results but also to achieving radiation safety for patients and X-ray technicians.

X-rays have great diagnostic value in daily dental practice. They are not only a supplement to the clinical examination but also a valuable diagnostic tool for visualization of the maxillofacial structures. Imaging methods play a pivotal role in determining treatment planning and assessing follow-up results for various clinical issues concerning the oral cavity and adjacent tissues. As imaging technology continues to advance, there is an increasing demand for more precise imaging methods and diagnostic tools. In modern dental practice, both conventional intraoral radiographs and advanced three-dimensional imaging methods, such as cone beam computed tomography, have found their rightful place. The transition from analog to digital radiography has not only simplified and expedited the process but also improved image retrieval, storage, contrast, and brightness. Moreover, three-dimensional imaging has revolutionized the examination of complex craniofacial structures, making them more accessible for analysis and expediting the process of early and accurate diagnosis.

This article specifically focuses on the current advances in imaging technologies and their distinct characteristics. It does not address the issues related to their application in various dental areas, which may serve as subjects for future discussions.



image diagnostics, diagnostic methods, dental practice, analog radiography, digital radiography

Full Text


Лефтерова, Д., Виолинов Г., Добрева В., Компютърната томография с конусовиден сноп- съвременен метод в денталната образна диагностика. Обзор на метода, Сборник доклади от Осемнадесета национална научна сесия за студенти и преподаватели., Медицински университет-Плевен, 2020, с.4-14.

Caballero, P. (Ed.). (2017). Extraoral Imaging Techniques. In J. S. Hubar, Fundamentals of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (pp. 68–95). John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Caruso, P., Silvestri, E., & Sconfienza, L. M. (Eds.). (2014). Cone Beam CT and 3D imaging. Springer Milan.

Dawood, A., Patel, S., & Brown, J. (2009). Cone beam CT in dental practice. British Dental Journal, 207(1), Article 1.

Essentials of Dental Radiography and Radiology. (n.d.). Retrieved July 3, 2023.

Gupta, A., Devi, P., Srivastava, R., & Jyoti, B. (2014). Intra oral periapical radiography - basics yet intrigue: A review. Bangladesh Journal of Dental Research & Education, 4(2), 83–87.

Jayachandran, S. (2017). Digital Imaging in Dentistry: A Review. Contemporary Clinical Dentistry, 8(2), 193–194.

Kruse, R., Mostaghim, S., Borgelt, C., Braune, C., & Steinbrecher, M. (2022). Computational Intelligence: A Methodological Introduction. Springer International Publishing.

Kumar, A., Bhadauria, H. S., & Singh, A. (2021). Descriptive analysis of dental X-ray images using various practical methods: A review. PeerJ Computer Science, 7, e620.

Lačević, A., & Vranić, E. (2004). DIFFERENT DIGITAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES IN DENTAL PRACTICE. Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 4(2), 37–40.

Lee MH, Jang GY, Kim YE, Yoo PJ, Wi H, Oh TI, et al. Portable multi-parameter electrical impedance tomography for sleep apnea and hypoventilation monitoring: feasibility study. Physiol Meas. 2018; 39(12): 124004.

Pauwels, R., Araki, K., Siewerdsen, J. H., & Thongvigitmanee, S. S. (2015). Technical aspects of dental CBCT: State of the art. Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology, 44(1), 20140224.

Rozylo-Kalinowska, I. (2020). Introduction to Dental Radiography and Radiology. In Imaging Techniques in Dental Radiology (pp. 1–5). Springer, Cham.

Różyło-Kalinowska, I. (2021). Panoramic radiography in dentistry. Clinical Dentistry Reviewed, 5(1), 1–10.

Schulze, D., & Hoffmann, G. (2011). Cone-Beam Computed Tomography and Navigation. In Springer Handbook of Medical Technology (pp. 405–415). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Shah, N., Bansal, N., & Logani, A. (2014). Recent advances in imaging technologies in dentistry. World Journal of Radiology, 6(10), 794–807.

Vandenberghe, B., Jacobs, R., & Bosmans, H. (2010). Modern dental imaging: A review of the current technology and clinical applications in dental practice. European Radiology, 20(11), 2637–2655.

White S. C., Pharoah M.J.,(2000). Oral radiology: principles and interpretation.Fourth edition.

White SM, Huang CJ, Huang SC, Sun Z, Eldredge JD, Mallya SM. Evaluation of the upper airway morphology: The role of cone beam computed tomography. J Calif Dent Assoc. 2015; 43(9): 531-539.

Yen, M., & Yeung, A. W. K. (2023). The Performance of Paralleling Technique and Bisecting Angle Technique for Taking Periapical Radiographs: A Systematic Review. Dentistry Journal, 11(7), 155.



Font Size