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Varna Medical Forum

Anxiety level and health indicators at sea

Teodora Dimitrova, Tsvetelina Tarpomanova

Abstract

The potential cardiotoxic effect of psychopathology and not being able to deal with emotions is discussed widely, but the pros of healthy psychological function and opportunities for health promotion are relatively low explored.
Assuming that emotional vitality is a stable personality characteristic we aim to study the influence of positive indicators for personal anxiety of the scale of Spilbarger on the cardiovascular risk in seaman separately mediated by:
- health status
- systolic and diastolic blood pressure and hypertension, cardiac axis of ECG, pulse rate;
- behavior outcomes of lifestyle (smoking, physical activity, alcohol use, sleep disorders);
We have made a survey between 164 men (43,08±0,8 years old), with a total length of overall service 17,69 ± 0,9 years, of which an average of 16,59±1,2 years of sea service.
A survey was made to measure the cardiovascular risk according to gender, age, family history, type of the work task and lifestyle. We recorded ECG and blood pressure of the seaman after a 10-minute rest. Blood tests have been made for biochemical parameters in serum - total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides, blood glucose, liver enzymes and uric acid.
The study demonstrates the outcome of sustainable mental function in promoting cardiac health.
It is far more effective prophylactic measure than traditionally studied lack of negative psychological factors (the distress and psychosocial failures at work and / or at home).
The positive personality characteristics allow the individuals to respond adequately to the challenges of the environment, but also provides capacity to cope with countless stress experiences and situations in everyday life.

Keywords

тревожност, сърдечно-съдов риск, работа на море

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