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Bulgarian Review of Ophthalmology

Our Experience in COVID-19

Tsv. Dimitrov, R. Kirkova


Introduction: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has not only affected the health status of the world‘s population, but has also affected public and economic life in an unprecedented way, challenging health professionals. In 2019, ophthalmologist Dr. Wenliang from Wuhan was the first to report the emergence of a new virus similar to SARS. While diagnostic and therapeutic efforts are focused on controlling the respiratory and systemic complications of the infection, in the clinical practice of ophthalmologists a spectrum of ocular symptoms characteristic of the disease is recently formed. Our aim is to present our and the world experience in terms of ocular manifestations and their attitude to the course and prognosis of the systemic disease. Materials and methods: A detailed analysis of the patients with COVID-19 passed through the University First Hospital „Sveti Yoan Krastitel“ was made and was compared with data from world literature. Conclusion: COVID-19 can penetrate the ocular surface as a front door. The disease affects the eyes in many different aspects - from manifestations of the anterior segment of the eye, to the fundus.


COVID-19, conjunctivitis, retinal occlusions, neuroophthalmology

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About The Authors

Tsv. Dimitrov
University First MHAT Sveti Yoan Krastitel – Sofia

R. Kirkova
University First MHAT Sveti Yoan Krastitel – Sofia

Chair of Eye Diseases, ENT Diseases and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University – Pleven