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Izvestia Journal of the Union of Scientists - Varna. Medicine and Ecology Series

Musculoskeletal disorders - mechanism and requirements for prevention in dental еducation and practice

Radostina Vasileva


Introduction: Dentists are exposed to health risk factors that could be exacerbated. Globally, high levels of the musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) related to the dental profession are reported.

Main Part: The purpose of this article is to analyze the mechanism of occurrence of MSDs and the risks as well as provide guidelines for prevention. For the purpose of the research, an analysis of the available scientific literature in the last 20 years was conducted. The results of articles published in PubMed, Google Scholar, PubMed Central and ScienceDirect were analyzed and compared. Studies conducted in Bulgaria register a frequency of pain due to MSDs in over 72% of dentists, and in women it is even higher. Many studies have clarified that in dentistry, each member of the dental team is predisposed to pain or injury in different parts of the body depending on the position that they occupy on the one hand, and on the other hand – all practitioners must take care to prevent MSDs.

Conclusion: The last 10-20 years have brought digitization in dental medicine as well as many technological innovations. Their main goal is to increase precision and decrease and facilitate energy-intensive activities. It is necessary that dental medicine doctors pay attention to the long-term static positions accompanied by MSDs.



musculoskeletal disorders, dentists, injuries, dental ergonomics

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