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Scripta Scientifica Medicinae Dentalis

Мandibular range of motion and its relation to temporomandibular disorders

Vassil Svechtarov, Miriana Hristova, Savina Nencheva-Svechtarova, Tsvetan Tonchev


Introduction. One of the most important signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is deviation or restriction in the mandibular range of motion. Limited or increased movement is considered as a sign of dysfunction, so measurement and evaluation of mandibular movement ranges are considered important parameters within the clinical examination and a significant component in the treatment and follow up of the temporomandibular disorders.

Material and methods. A total of 34 articles are included in this comprehensive review of the relevant studies on mandibular range of motion related to temporomandibular disorders. This review provides summarized clinical and cephalometric analyses focused on the three planes of the mandibular range of motion used in all classifications and diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders.

Results and conclusion. The majority of the studies show variations in the degree of mandibular movements in patients with TM pathology. This review of the literature presents a synthesized version of the basic parameters of the mandibular movements that can be considered in the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders in accordance with the postulates of the relevant research and diagnostic criteria.


mandibular range of motion; temporomandibular disorders; RDC/TMD; interincisal distance

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About The Authors

Vassil Svechtarov
Medical university of Sofia

Department oral and maxillofacial surgery, Faculty of dental medicine

Miriana Hristova
DMD, Status dental clinic

Savina Nencheva-Svechtarova
Medical university of Sofia

DMD, Center for integrated dental medicine, Faculty of dental medicine

Tsvetan Tonchev
Medical university of Varna

Department oral and maxillofacial surgery and special dental imaging, Faculty of dental medicine

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