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Scripta Scientifica Medicinae Dentalis

Immediate implant placement using customized healing abutments as a method of hard and soft tissue preservation. A review article

Ralitsa Yotsova, Stefan Peev, Rossen Kolarov

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Dental implant placement with its excellent and predictable results is becoming the treatment of choice after tooth removal. A key step in creating a proper environment and conditions for it is the process of tissue preservation after the extraction. Various ridge preservation procedures have been suggested and performed, one of which is the application of immediate implant protocol using customized healing abutments. 

AIM: This review observes immediate implants not only as a definitive treatment after tooth extraction but also as a method for ridge preservation, especially in conjunction with customized healing abutments. We compared and evaluated the reports on their application and summarized their features, advantages, and limitations. 

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present article is based on 61 articles. A manual and electronic search using PubMed and Google Scholar databases was conducted until June 2022. 

RESULTS: The majority of studies support the concept of immediate implant placement with customized healing abutments as a successful and reliable strategy for tissue preservation. It has numerous advantages, some of which are reduced healing time and post-operative discomfort, and excellent aesthetic results without the need for additional surgical stages. 

CONCLUSION: Further investigation is still necessary to clarify the exact protocols and indications for this treatment, and to point out the conditions, which demand greater caution.


Keywords

immediate implants, customized healing abutments, alveolar ridge preservation, sealing socket abutments, CAD/CAM

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssmd.v8i2.8518

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About The Authors

Ralitsa Yotsova
Medical University of Varna
Bulgaria

Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine

Stefan Peev
Medical University of Varna
Bulgaria

Department of Periodontology and Dental Implantology, Faculty of Dental Medicine

Rossen Kolarov
Medical University of Varna
Bulgaria

Department of Oral Surgery, Faculty of Dental Medicine

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