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Varna Medical Forum

Study of breastfeeding practices in Varna region

Rositsa Stancheva, Staniela Porozhanova, Ruzha Pancheva, Darina Naydenova, Simoneta Popova


Optimal nutrition of the child in the neonatal period and infancy is a prerequisite for normal physical and neuro-psychological development and for possible long-term health effects. Our study was aimed at revealing breastfeeding practices in the first couple of years of children`s life.
Aim of the study:
The aim of this study is to assess the breastfeeding practices in Varna region.
Materials and Methods:
A transverse study of breastfeeding practices is conducted over a period of 5 months- May - September 2013 in Varna region. A total of 286 questionnaires are administered for the study period. Women (mean age of the respondents was 33 years 3.3) who have born their children with cesaerian section or had vaginal delivery are radomly recruited after obtaining informed consent for inclusion in the study. Questionnaires include questions regarding the nutrition of children from birth until the end of the third year. The data is processed statistically by means of variation and alternative analysis and compared with the criterion Student-Fisher at significance level p <0.05.
The results of our study show that initiation of breastfeeding was at the average of 17.7 hours after birth (from 1st to 192nd hour). Cesarean section born babies started breastfeeding at the average of 26th hour (1st - 192nd) after birth, while babies born vaginal at the average of 10th hour (from the 1st to the 72nd time) (p <0.05). Women with higher education breastfeed longer than those with secondary education (9.19% vs 6.04%) (p <0.05). Only 4.5% of children (n = 4) were breastfed up to 24 months.
The participants in our survey started breastfeeding late after birth. The duration of breastfeeding of children is small and does not meet current recommendations of the WHO, but there are positive trends compared to previous studies.


кърмене, изключително кърмене, захранване

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