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Varna Medical Forum

Quality of life in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma

Yordan Yordanov, Binna Nencheva, Zarka Stoycheva

Abstract

Introduction: Quality of life is an important concept when treating patients with glaucoma. It decreases gradually as patients experience problems with everyday activities due to visual dysfunction and glaucoma-related impairments become more and more severe. In order to identify these gradual changes, the right questions have to be asked.

Aim: The aim of this report is to evaluate the quality of life in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma.

Materials and Methods: The study included 302 patients with open-angle glaucoma treated at the Eye Hospital, Varna for a period of one year. The visual acuity, the changes in the visual fields and the quality of life of the patients were studied through a modified questionnaire intended specifically for this study.  The results were processed statistically using SPSS v.20 for Windows. 

Results: The results show that the quality of life of the studied patients correlates significantly with their age (r=0.293; p < 0.001), the duration of the disease (r=0.252; p < 0.001), the visual acuity (Right eye: r=0.505; p < 0.001; Left eye: r=0.516; p < 0.001) and the severity of the visual field impairment (Right eye: r=0.488; p < 0.001 Left eye: r=0.466; p < 0.001). 

Conclusion: We have concluded that the reduced vision, the changes in the visual field combined with the treatment correlate with the low quality of life for patients with this condition.


Keywords

primary open-angle glaucoma; quality of life; visual acuity; visual field

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v7i1.4315

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