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Varna Medical Forum

Quality of life in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma

Yordan Yordanov, Binna Nencheva, Zarka Stoycheva


Introduction: Quality of life is an important concept when treating patients with glaucoma. It decreases gradually as patients experience problems with everyday activities due to visual dysfunction and glaucoma-related impairments become more and more severe. In order to identify these gradual changes, the right questions have to be asked.

Aim: The aim of this report is to evaluate the quality of life in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma.

Materials and Methods: The study included 302 patients with open-angle glaucoma treated at the Eye Hospital, Varna for a period of one year. The visual acuity, the changes in the visual fields and the quality of life of the patients were studied through a modified questionnaire intended specifically for this study.  The results were processed statistically using SPSS v.20 for Windows. 

Results: The results show that the quality of life of the studied patients correlates significantly with their age (r=0.293; p < 0.001), the duration of the disease (r=0.252; p < 0.001), the visual acuity (Right eye: r=0.505; p < 0.001; Left eye: r=0.516; p < 0.001) and the severity of the visual field impairment (Right eye: r=0.488; p < 0.001 Left eye: r=0.466; p < 0.001). 

Conclusion: We have concluded that the reduced vision, the changes in the visual field combined with the treatment correlate with the low quality of life for patients with this condition.


primary open-angle glaucoma; quality of life; visual acuity; visual field

Full Text


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