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Varna Medical Forum

Primary restorative fillings used in clinical practice

Dobrinka Mitkova Damyanova

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of the American Academy of Pediatric Dental Medicine (AAPD) is to provide guidance for pediatric dental practitioners to make decisions about what materials and techniques are appropriate for child fillings.

Materials and Methods: A total of 602 patients, children with primary, mixed and permanent teeth, who have received treatment with restorative fillings, were monitored. The minimum age of children was 3 and the maximum age of participants was 18 years of age. Patients were divided into 16 age groups. Patients underwent a pre-made risk assessment using a clinical instrument. Children included in the study had a proven high risk of developing caries dmft (T) > 1. This was a retrospective study based on participants’ medical records and examined the incidence, proportion and correlation of reversible and irreversible pulp inflammation diagnosed as d3, d4 cavitated caries lesions. The data was processed with a modern package of mathematical and statistical analysis SPSS v 20.0

Results: The inverse ratio, a strong dependence indicates that as age increases, fillings made of resin modified glass ionomer cements decrease (r = - 0.661; p < 0.001). The inverse ratio, proportional and moderate dependence proves that as the age increases, the number, frequency, and use of compomer fillings in children over 12 years of age decreases (r = - 0.368; p < 0.001). With proportional dependence, we found that with the increasing age, the number of placed silants in childhood increased (r = 0.646, p < 0.001).

Conclusion: In all tests we have shown a statistically significant difference. The inverse correlation, proves that with the increasing age of children the use of glass ionomer cements and the use of compomers fillings decreases.

 


Keywords

primary teeth, restoration, fillings

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/vmf.v9i1.6449

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