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In defense of the murburn explanation for aerobic respiration

Kelath Murali Manoj


The murburn explanation for aerobic respiration was first published at Biomedical Reviews in 2017. Thereafter, via various analytical, theoretical and experimental arguments/evidence published in respected portals over the last three years, my group’s works had highlighted the untenable nature of the “electron transport chain (ETC)-driven chemiosmotic rotary ATP synthesis (CRAS)” explicatory paradigm for aerobic respiration. We have also presented strong evidence and arguments supporting the new murburn model of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (mOxPhos). Overlooking the vast majority of our critical dissections, CRAS hypothesis is still advocated by some.  Further, queries are posed on the evidence-based murburn explanation without any committed effort to understand the new proposals. Herein, I expose the false attributions made to our works, point out the general and particular flaws/lacunae in the critical attention murburn model received, revisit/dissect the arguments critique(s) floated to support the chemiosmotic proposal, answer the specific queries on murburn explanation and defend/consolidate our proposals for mOxPhos. The current scientific discourse is crucial for correcting major historical errors and finding/founding new concepts of the powering logic and biophysical chemistry of life.


bioenergetics; chemiosmosis; proton-motive force; murburn concept; aerobic respiration; mitochondria; oxidative phosphorylation; electron transport chain; trans-membrane potential

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Kelath Murali Manoj
Satyamjayatu: The Science & Ethics Foundation, Snehatheeram, Kulappully, Kerala

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